Once you have organized your information, you will be able to analyze your materials and combine the different elements of information into a new entity. This process of integrating materials you have gathered and then creating your own information product is called synthesizing.
Scientists know that dinosaurs ceased to exist around 65 million years ago.
Scientists also know that meteors and asteroids periodically hit the earth raising huge clouds of dust.
Perhaps a meteor raised such a dust cloud that major climate changes were brought about, making it too cold for dinosaurs to survive.